A Little Cloud
by James Joyce (1883-1941)
Approximate Word Count: 5215
Eight years before he had seen his friend off at the North Wall and wished
him God-speed. Gallaher had got on. You could tell that at once by his
travelled air, his well-cut tweed suit, and fearless accent. Few fellows had
talents like his, and fewer still could remain unspoiled by such success.
Gallaher's heart was in the right place and he had deserved to win. It was
something to have a friend like that.
Little Chandler's thoughts ever since lunch-time had been of his meeting
with Gallaher, of Gallaher's invitation, and of the great city London where
Gallaher lived. He was called Little Chandler because, though he was but
slightly under the average stature, he gave one the idea of being a little
man. His hands were white and small, his frame was fragile, his voice was
quiet and his manners were refined. He took the greatest care of his fair
silken hair and moustache, and used perfume discreetly on his handkerchief.
The half-moons of his nails were perfect, and when he smiled you caught a
glimpse of a row of childish white teeth.
As he sat at his desk in the King's Inns he thought what changes those eight
years had brought. The friend whom he had known under a shabby and
necessitous guise had become a brilliant figure on the London Press. He
turned often from his tiresome writing to gaze out of the office window. The
glow of a late autumn sunset covered the grass plots and walks. It cast a
shower of kindly golden dust on the untidy nurses and decrepit old men who
drowsed on the benches; it flickered upon all the moving figures - on the
children who ran screaming along the gravel paths and on everyone who passed
through the gardens. He watched the scene and thought of life; and (as
always happened when he thought of life) he became sad. A gentle melancholy
took possession of him. He felt how useless it was to struggle against
fortune, this being the burden of wisdom which the ages had bequeathed to
He remembered the books of poetry upon his shelves at home. He had bought
them in his bachelor days and many an evening, as he sat in the little room
off the hall, he had been tempted to take one down from the bookshelf and
read out something to his wife. But shyness had always held him back; and so
the books had remained on their shelves. At times he repeated lines to
himself and this consoled him.
When his hour had struck he stood up and took leave of his desk and of his
fellow-clerks punctiliously. He emerged from under the feudal arch of the
King's Inns, a neat modest figure, and walked swiftly down Henrietta Street.
The golden sunset was waning and the air had grown sharp. A horde of grimy
children populated the street. They stood or ran in the roadway, or crawled
up the steps before the gaping doors, or squatted like mice upon the
thresholds. Little Chandler gave them no thought. He picked his way deftly
through all that minute vermin-like life and under the shadow of the gaunt
spectral mansions in which the old nobility of Dublin had roistered. No
memory of the past touched him, for his mind was full of a present joy.
He had never been in Corless's, but he knew the value of the name. He knew
that people went there after the theatre to eat oysters and drink liqueurs;
and he had heard that the waiters there spoke French and German. Walking
swiftly by at night he had seen cabs drawn up before the door and
richly-dressed ladies, escorted by cavaliers, alight and enter quickly. They
wore noisy dresses and many wraps. Their faces were powdered and they caught
up their dresses, when they touched earth, like alarmed Atalantas. He had
always passed without turning his head to look. It was his habit to walk
swiftly in the street even by day, and whenever he found himself in the city
late at night he hurried on his way apprehensively and excitedly. Sometimes,
however, he courted the causes of his fear. He chose the darkest and
narrowest streets and, as he walked boldly forward, the silence that was
spread about his footsteps troubled him; the wandering, silent figures
troubled him; and at times a sound of low fugitive laughter made him tremble
like a leaf.
He turned to the right towards Capel Street. Ignatius Gallaher on the London
Press! Who would have thought it possible eight years before? Still, now
that he reviewed the past, Little Chandler could remember many signs of
future greatness in his friend. People used to say that Ignatius Gallaher
was wild. Of course, he did mix with a rakish set of fellows at that time;
drank freely and borrowed money on all sides. In the end he had got mixed up
in some shady affair, some money transaction: at least, that was one version
of his flight. But nobody denied him talent. There was always a certain...
something in Ignatius Gallaher that impressed you in spite of yourself. Even
when he was out at elbows and at his wits' end for money he kept up a bold
face. Little Chandler remembered (and the remembrance brought a slight flush
of pride to his cheek) one of Ignatius Gallaher's sayings when he was in a
'Half-time now, boys,' he used to say light-heartedly. 'Where's my
That was Ignatius Gallaher all out; and, damn it, you couldn't but admire
him for it.
Little Chandler quickened his pace. For the first time in his life he felt
himself superior to the people he passed. For the first time his soul
revolted against the dull inelegance of Capel Street. There was no doubt
about it: if you wanted to succeed you had to go away. You could do nothing
in Dublin. As he crossed Grattan Bridge he looked down the river towards the
lower quays and pitied the poor stunted houses. They seemed to him a band of
tramps, huddled together along the river-banks, their old coats covered with
dust and soot, stupefied by the panorama of sunset and waiting for the first
chill of night to bid them arise, shake themselves and begone. He wondered
whether he could write a poem to express his idea. Perhaps Gallaher might be
able to get it into some London paper for him. Could he write something
original? He was not sure what idea he wished to express, but the thought
that a poetic moment had touched him took life within him like an infant
hope. He stepped onward bravely.
Every step brought him nearer to London, farther from his own sober
inartistic life. A light began to tremble on the horizon of his mind. He was
not so old - thirty-two. His temperament might be said to be just at the
point of maturity. There were so many different moods and impressions that
he wished to express in verse. He felt them within him. He tried to weigh
his soul to see if it was a poet's soul. Melancholy was the dominant note of
his temperament, he thought, but it was a melancholy tempered by recurrences
of faith and resignation and simple joy. If he could give expression to it
in a book of poems perhaps men would listen. He would never be popular: he
saw that. He could not sway the crowd, but he might appeal to a little
circle of kindred minds. The English critics, perhaps, would recognize him
as one of the Celtic school by reason of the melancholy tone of his poems;
besides that, he would put in allusions. He began to invent sentences and
phrases from the notice which his book would get. 'Mr Chandler has the gift
of easy and graceful verse'... 'A wistful sadness pervades these poems'...
'The Celtic note'. It was a pity his name was not more Irish-looking.
Perhaps it would be better to insert his mother's name before the surname:
Thomas Malone Chandler; or better still: T. Malone Chandler. He would speak
to Gallaher about it.
He pursued his reverie so ardently that he passed his street and had to turn
back. As he came near Corless's his former agitation began to overmaster him
and he halted before the door in indecision. Finally he opened the door and
The light and noise of the bar held him at the doorway for a few moments. He
looked about him, but his sight was confused by the shining of many red and
green wine-glasses. The bar seemed to him to be full of people and he felt
that the people were observing him curiously. He glanced quickly to right
and left (frowning slightly to make his errand appear serious), but when his
sight cleared a little he saw that nobody had turned to look at him: and
there, Sure enough, was Ignatius Gallaher leaning with his back against the
counter and his feet planted far apart.
'Hallo, Tommy, old hero, here you are! What is it to be? What will you have?
I'm taking whisky: better stuff than we get across the water. Soda? Lithia?
No mineral? I'm the same. Spoils the flavour... Here, garcon, bring us two
halves of malt whisky, like a good fellow... Well, and how have you been
pulling along since I saw you last? Dear God, how old we're getting! Do you
see any signs of ageing in me - eh, what? A little grey and thin on the top
Ignatius Gallaher took off his hat and displayed a large closely-cropped
head. His face was heavy, pale, and clean-shaven. His eyes, which were of
bluish slate-colour, relieved his unhealthy pallor and shone out plainly
above the vivid orange tie he wore. Between these rival features the lips
appeared very long and shapeless and colourless. He bent his head and felt
with two sympathetic fingers the thin hair at the crown. Little Chandler
shook his head as a denial. Ignatius Gallaher put on his hat again.
'It pulls you down,' he said. 'Press life. Always hurry and scurry, looking
for copy and sometimes not finding it: and then, always to have something
new in your stuff. Damn proofs and printers, I say, for a few days. I'm
deuced glad, I can tell you, to get back to the old country. Does a fellow
good, a bit of a holiday. I feel a ton better since I landed again in dear,
dirty Dublin... Here you are, Tommy. Water? Say when.'
Little Chandler allowed his whisky to be very much diluted.
'You don't know what's good for you, my boy,' said Ignatius Gallaher. 'I
drink mine neat.'
'I drink very little as a rule,' said Little Chandler modestly. 'An odd
half-one or so when I meet any of the old crowd: that's all.'
'Ah well,' said Ignatius Gallaher cheerfully, 'here's to us and to old times
and old acquaintance.'
They clinked glasses and drank the toast.
'I met some of the old gang today,' said Ignatius Gallaher. 'O'Hara seems to
be in a bad way. What's he doing?'
'Nothing,' said Little Chandler. 'He's gone to the dogs.'
'But Hogan has a good sit, hasn't he?'
'Yes, be's in the Land Commission.'
'I met him one night in London and he seemed to be very flush... Poor
O'Hara! Booze, I suppose?'
'Other things, too,' said Little Chandler shortly.
Ignatius Gallaher laughed.
'Tommy,' he said, 'I see you haven't changed an atom. You're the very same
serious person that used to lecture me on Sunday mornings when I had a sore
head and a fur on my tongue. You'd want to knock about a bit in the world.
Have you never been anywhere even for a trip?'
'I've been to the Isle of Man,' said Little Chandler.
Ignatius Gallaher laughed.
'The Isle of Man!' he said. 'Go to London or Paris: Paris, for choice.
That'd do you good.'
'Have you seen Paris?'
'I should think I have! I've knocked about there a little.'
'And is it really so beautiful as they say?' asked Little Chandler.
He sipped a little of his drink while Ignatius Gallaher finished his boldly.
'Beautiful?' said Ignatius Gallaher, pausing on the word and on the flavour
of his drink. 'It's not so beautiful, you know. Of course it is beautiful...
But it's the life of Paris; that's the thing. Ah, there's no city like Paris
for gaiety, movement, excitement... '
Little Chandler finished his whisky and, after some trouble, succeeded in
catching the barman's eye. He ordered the same again.
'I've been to the Moulin Rouge,' Ignatius Gallaher continued when the barman
had removed their glasses, 'and I've been to all the Bohemian cafes. Hot
stuff! Not for a pious chap like you, Tommy.'
Little Chandler said nothing until the barman returned with two glasses:
then he touched his friend's glass lightly and reciprocated the former
toast. He was beginning to feel somewhat disillusioned. Gallaher's accent
and way of expressing himself did not please him. There was something vulgar
in his friend which lie had not observed before. But perhaps it was only the
result of living in London amid the bustle and competition of the Press. The
old personal charm was still there under this new gaudy manner. And, after
all, Gallaher had lived, he had seen the world. Little Chandler looked at
his friend enviously.
'Everything in Paris is gay,' said Ignatius Gallaher. 'They believe in
enjoying life - and don't you think they're right? If you want to enjoy
yourself properly you must go to Paris. And, mind you, they've a great
feeling for the Irish there. When they heard I was from Ireland they were
ready to eat me, man.'
Little Chandler took four or five sips from his glass.
'Tell me,' he said, 'is it true that Paris is so... immoral as they say?'
Ignatius Gallaher made a catholic gesture with his right arm.
'Every place is immoral,' he said. 'Of course you do find spicy bits in
Paris. Go to one of the students' balls, for instance. That's lively, if you
like, when the cocottes begin to let themselves loose. You know what they
are, I suppose?'
'I've heard of them,' said Little Chandler.
Ignatius Gallaher drank off his whisky and shook his head.
'Ah,' he said, 'you may say what you like. There's no woman like the
Parisienne - for style, for go.'
'Then it is an immoral city,' said Little Chandler, with timid insistence -
'I mean, compared with London or Dublin?'
'London!' said Ignatius Gallaher. 'It's six of one and half a dozen of the
other. You ask Hogan, my boy. I showed him a bit about London when he was
over there. He'd open your eye... I say, Tommy, don't make punch of that
whisky: liquor up.'
'O, come on, another one won't do you any harm. What is it? The same again,
'Well... all right.'
'Francois, the same again... Will you smoke, Tommy?'
Ignatius Gallaher produced his cigar-case. The two friends lit their cigars
and puffed at them in silence until their drinks were served.
'I'll tell you my opinion,' said Ignatius Gallaher, emerging after some time
from the clouds of smoke in which he had taken refuge, 'it's a rum world.
Talk of immorality! I've heard of cases - what am I saying? - I've known
them: cases of... immorality... '
Ignatius Gallaher puffed thoughtfully at his cigar and then, in a calm
historian's tone, he proceeded to sketch for his friend some pictures of the
corruption which was rife abroad. He summarized the vices of many capitals
and seemed inclined to award the palm to Berlin. Some things he could not
vouch for (his friends had told him), but of others he had had personal
experience. He spared neither rank nor caste. He revealed many of the
secrets of religious houses on the Continent and described some of the
practices which were fashionable in high society, and ended by telling, with
details, a story about an English duchess - a story which he knew to be
true. Little chandler was astonished.
'Ah, well,' said Ignatius Gallaher, 'here we are in old jog-along Dublin
where nothing is known of such things.'
'How dull you must find it,' said Little Chandler, 'after all the other
places you've seen!'
'Well,' said Ignatius Gallaher, 'it's a relaxation to come over here, you
know. And, after all, it's the old country, as they say, isn't it? You can't
help having a certain feeling for it. That's human nature... But tell me
something about yourself. Hogan told me you had... tasted the joys of
connubial bliss. Two years ago, wasn't it?'
Little Chandler blushed and smiled.
'Yes,' he said. 'I was married last May twelve months.'
'I hope it's not too late in the day to offer my best wishes,' said Ignatius
Gallaher. 'I didn't know your address or I'd have done so at the time.'
He extended his hand, which Little Chandler took.
'Well, Tommy,' he said, 'I wish you and yours every joy in life, old chap,
and tons of money, and may you never die till I shoot you. And that's the
wish of a sincere friend, an old friend. You know that?'
'I know that,' said Little Chandler.
'Any youngsters?' said Ignatius Gallaher.
Little Chandler blushed again.
'We have one child,' he said.
'Son or daughter?'
'A little boy.'
Ignatius Gallaher slapped his friend sonorously on the back.
'Bravo,' he said, 'I wouldn't doubt you, Tommy.'
Little Chandler smiled, looked confusedly at his glass and bit his lower lip
with three childishly white front teeth.
'I hope you'll spend an evening with us,' he said, 'before you go back. My
wife will be delighted to meet you. We can have a little music and--'
'Thanks awfully, old chap,' said Ignatius Gallaher, 'I'm sorry we didn't
meet earlier. But I must leave tomorrow night.'
'Tonight, perhaps... ?'
'I'm awfully sorry, old man. You see I'm over here with another fellow,
clever young chap he is too, and we arranged to go to a little card-party.
Only for that... '
'O, in that case... '
'But who knows?' said Ignatius Gallaher considerately. 'Next year I may take
a little skip over here now that I've broken the ice. It's only a pleasure
'Very well,' said Little Chandler, 'the next time you come we must have an
evening together. That's agreed now, isn't it?'
'Yes, that's agreed,' said Ignatius Gallaher. 'Next year if I come, parole
'And to clinch the bargain,' said Little Chandler, 'we'll just have one more
Ignatius Gallaher took out a large gold watch and looked at it.
'Is it to be the last?' he Said. 'Because, you know, I have an a.p.'
'O, yes, positively,' said Little Chandler.
'Very well, then,' said Ignatius Gallaher, 'let us have another one as a
deoc an doirus - that's good vernacular for a small whisky, I believe.'
Little Chandler ordered the drinks. The blush which had risen to his face a
few moments before was establishing itself. A trifle made him blush at any
time: and now he felt warm and excited. Three small whiskies had gone to his
head and Gallaher's strong cigar had confused his mind, for he was a
delicate and abstinent person. The adventure of meeting Gallaher after eight
years, of finding himself with Gallaher in Corless's surrounded by lights
and noise, of listening to Gallaher's stories and of sharing for a brief
space Gallaher's vagrant and triumphant life, upset the equipoise of his
sensitive nature. He felt acutely the contrast between his own life and his
friend's, and it seemed to him unjust. Gallaher was his inferior in birth
and education. He was sure that he could do something better than his friend
had ever done, or could ever do, something higher than mere tawdry
journalism if he only got the chance. What was it that stood in his way? His
unfortunate timidity! He wished to vindicate himself in some way, to assert
his manhood. He saw behind Gallaher's refusal of his invitation. Gallaher
was only patronizing him by his friendliness just as he was patronizing
Ireland by his visit.
The barman brought their drinks. Little Chandler pushed one glass towards
his friend and took up the other boldly.
'Who knows?' he said, as they lifted their glasses. 'When you come next year
I may have the pleasure of wishing long life and happiness to Mr and Mrs
Ignatius Gallaher in the act of drinking closed one eye expressively over
the rim of his glass. When he had drunk he smacked his lips decisively, set
down his glass and said:
'No blooming fear of that, my boy. I'm going to have my fling first and see
a bit of life and the world before I put my head in the sack - if I ever
'Some day you will,' said Little Chandler calmly.
Ignatius Gallaher turned his orange tie and slate-blue eyes full upon his
'You think so?' he said.
'You'll put your head in the sack,' repeated Little Chandler stoutly, 'like
everyone else if you can find the girl.'
He had slightly emphasized his tone, and he was aware that he had betrayed
himself; but, though the colour had heightened in his cheek, he did not
flinch from his friends' gaze. Ignatius Gallaher watched him for a few
moments and then said:
'If ever it occurs, you may bet your bottom dollar there'll be no mooning
and spooning about it. I mean to marry money. She'll have a good fat account
at the bank or she won't do for me.'
Little Chandler shook his head.
'Why, man alive,' said Ignatius Gallaher, vehemently, 'do you know what it
is? I've only to say the word and tomorrow I can have the woman and the
cash. You don't believe it? Well, I know it. There are hundreds - what am I
saying? - thousands of rich Germans and Jews, rotten with money, that'd only
be too glad... You wait a while, my boy. See if I don't play my cards
properly. When I go about a thing I mean business, I tell you. You just
He tossed his glass to his mouth, finished his drink and laughed loudly.
Then he looked thoughtfully before him and said in a calmer tone:
'But I'm in no hurry. They can wait. I don't fancy tying myself up to one
woman, you know.'
He imitated with his mouth the act of tasting and made a wry face.
'Must get a bit stale, I should think,' he said.
Little Chandler sat in the room off the hall, holding a child in his arms.
To save money they kept no servant, but Annie's young sister Monica came for
an hour or so in the morning and an hour or So in the evening to help. But
Monica had gone home long ago. It was a quarter to nine. Little Chandler had
come home late for tea and, moreover, he had forgotten to bring Annie home
the parcel of coffee from Bewley's. Of course she was in a bad humour and
gave him short answers. She said she would do without any tea, but when it
came near he time at which the shop at the corner closed she decided to go
out herself for a quarter of a pound of tea and two pounds of sugar. She put
the sleeping child deftly in his arms and said:
'Here. Don't waken him.'
A little lamp with a white china shade stood upon the table and its light
fell over a photograph which was enclosed in a frame of crumpled horn. It
was Annie's photograph. Little Chandler looked at it, pausing at the thin
tight lips. She wore the pale blue summer blouse which he had brought her
home as a present one Saturday. It had cost him ten and elevenpence; but
what an agony of nervousness it had cost him! How he had suffered that day,
waiting at the shop door until the shop was empty, standing at the counter
and trying to appear at his ease while the girl piled ladies' blouses before
him, paying at the desk and forgetting to take up the odd penny of his
change, being called back by the cashier, and finally, striving to hide his
blushes as he left the shop by examining the parcel to see if it was
Securely tied. When he brought the blouse home Annie kissed him and said it
was very pretty and stylish; but when she heard the price she threw the
blouse on the table and said it was a regular swindle to charge ten and
elevenpence for it. At first she wanted to take it back, but when she tried
it on she was delighted with it, especially with the make of the sleeves,
and kissed him and said he was very good to think of her.
He looked coldly into the eyes of the photograph and they answered coldly.
Certainly they were pretty and the face itself was pretty. But he found
something mean in it. Why was it so unconscious and ladylike? The composure
of the eyes irritated him. They repelled him and defied him: there was no
passion in them, no rapture. He thought of what Gallaher had said about rich
Jewesses. Those dark Oriental eyes, he thought, how full they are of
passion, of voluptuous longing!... Why had he married the eyes in the
He caught himself up at the question and glanced nervously round the room.
He found something mean in the pretty furniture which he had bought for his
house on the hire system. Annie had chosen it herself and it reminded him of
her. It too was prim and pretty. A dull resentment against his life awoke
within him. Could he not escape from his little house? Was it too late for
him to try to live bravely like Gallaher? Could he go to London? There was
the furniture still to be paid for. If he could only write a book and get it
published, that might open the way for him.
A volume of Byron's poems lay before him on the table. He opened it
cautiously with his left hand lest he should waken the child and began to
read the first poem in the book:
Hushed are the winds and still the evening gloom,
Not e'en a Zephyr wanders through the grove,
Whilst I return to view my Margaret's tomb
And scatter flowers on the dust I love.
He paused. He felt the rhythm of the verse about him in the room. How
melancholy it was! Could he, too, write like that, express the melancholy of
his soul in verse? There were so many things he wanted to describe: his
sensation of a few hours before on Grattan Bridge, for example. If he could
get back again into that mood...
The child awoke and began to cry. He turned from the page and tried to hush
it: but it would not be hushed. He began to rock it to and fro in his arms,
but its wailing cry grew keener. He rocked it faster while his eyes began to
read the second stanza:
Within this narrow cell reclines her clay,
That clay where once...
It was useless. He couldn't read. He couldn't do anything. The wailing of
the child pierced the drum of his ear. It was useless, useless! He was a
prisoner for life. His arms trembled with anger and suddenly bending to the
child's face he shouted:
The child stopped for an instant, had a spasm of fright and began to scream.
He jumped up from his chair and walked hastily up and down the room with the
child in his arms. it began to sob piteously, losing its breath for four or
five seconds, and then bursting out anew. The thin walls of the room echoed
the sound. He tried to soothe it, but it sobbed more convulsively. He looked
at the contracted and quivering face of the child and began to be alarmed.
He counted seven sobs without a break between them and caught the child to
his breast in fright. If it died!...
The door was burst open and a young woman ran in, panting.
'What is it? What is it?' she cried.
The child, hearing its mother's voice, broke out into a paroxysm of sobbing.
'It's nothing, Annie... it's nothing... He began to cry... '
She flung her parcels on the floor and snatched the child from him.
'What have you done to him?' she cried, glaring into his face.
Little Chandler sustained for one moment the gaze of her eyes and his heart
closed together as he met the hatred in them. He began to stammer:
'It's nothing... He... he... began to cry... I couldn't... I didn't do
Giving no heed to him she began to walk up and down the room, clasping the
child tightly in her arms and murmuring:
'My little man! My little mannie! Was 'ou frightened, love?'... There now,
love! There now!... Lambabaun! Mamma's little lamb of the world!... There
Little Chandler felt his cheeks suffused with shame and he stood back out of
the lamplight. He listened while the paroxysm of the child's sobbing grew
less and less; and tears of remorse started to his eyes.